Earth Curvature Calculator analyses how much of a distant object is obscured by the curvature of the Earth and finds the total height of the target that is hidden behind the horizon. Just give the eyesight level distance to the object details and hit the calculate button to avail the distance to the horizon, obscured object part easily.
Earth Curvature Calculator: Calculating your distance to the horizon, the height of the target hidden behind the horizon of an Earth curvature is a complex process. But by using this handy Curvature of Earth Calculator, you will get the result quickly. Have a look at the simple steps to find the distance to the horizon, how far you see before the Earth curves and formulas. Also, get the definition of earth curvature, steps to solve it for a better understanding of the concept.
Below given are the steps to calculate the distance to the horizon and obscured object part easily.
Let's imagine, you are looking at the sea. You can be able to see endless blue waters, shimmering in the sun. You can make a line that dies the seawater and sky and that line is called the horizon. When you are moving toward's the horizon, then you can see the shape of the target that is hidden behind the horizon because the Earth shape is similar to the sphere.
The surface between you and the target is bulges up a bit. Due to these bulges, it has obstructed your view. The measuring of the bulge is called the earth's curvature and it is represented as the height of the bulge per km or per mile.
To know the exact distance between you and the horizon, you have to know two values i.e your eyesight level, radius of the Earth. The equation is as follows:
a = √[(r + h)² - r²]
a is the distance to the horizon
h is the eyesight level above mean sea level
r is the Erath's radius, which is 6371 km or 3959 miles
To determine the obstructed height of an objet, you have to know the distance to the horizon, distance to the object, and eyesight level. The formula to calculate the object obstructed height is given below:
x = √(a² - 2ad + d² + r²) - r
d is the distance to the object
x is the obscured object part
Question: If the distance to the object is 28 miles and the eyesight level is 0.0021 miles, find the distance to the horizon and obscured object part?
Distance to the object d = 28 miles
Eyesight level h = 0.0021 miles
Distance to the horizon a = √[(r + h)² - r²]
a = √[(3959 + 0.0021)² - 3959²]
= √(15,673,697.627 - 15,673,681)
Obscured object part is x = √(a² - 2ad + d² + r²) - r
x = √((4.08)² - 2 x 4.08 x 28 + 28² + 3959²) - 3959
= √(16.6464 - 228.48 + 784 + 15,673,681) - 3959
Therefore, the distance to the horizon is 4.08 miles, obscured object part is 0.07228 mi.
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1. What is the Earth's curvature?
The curvature of Earth is nothing but the measure of the bulge. Bulge is the surface between the ship and the person in the sea. The Earth curvature is expressed as the height of the bulge per kilometre or per mile.
2. What is the formula of curvature of Earth?
The formula of Earth's curvature is a = √[(r + h)² - r²]. Here, a si the distance to the horizon, h is the eyesight level above mean sea level, r is the Earth's radius.
3. How far do you see before Earth curves?
The curvature of Earth is 8 inches per mile. When a target person of 5 feet or so off the ground, the farthest edge that you can see is 3 miles away.
4. How does Earth curvature affect weather?
The Earth curvature affect the weather by the latitude or distance from the equator. The temperature drop at an area is because of the curvature of the earth.