Free Enthalpy Calculator is helpful to find the chnage in enthalpy of a reaction. We have two simple methods to calculate the enthalpy change like reaction scheme and enthalpy formula. Students have to select one method to calculate the enthalpy, enter the required input details and hit the calculate button to avail change in enthalpy value easily.
Enthalpy Calculator: Do you feel that computing the change in enthalpy for a chemical reaction is not so easy? Then make use of user-friendly Enthalpy Calculator to get the result effortlessly. In the following sections we have provided the step by step process to calculate the enthalpy and formulas. Also, find the example questions, useful information kike what is enthalpy, standard enthalpy of formation table, and many more to understand the concept.
Below-listed are the useful steps to compute the enthalpy change of a chemical reaction using either enthalpy formula or using the chemical reaction scheme. Follow these steps for obtaining the result easily.
Enthalpy measures the total amount of energy of a thermodynamics system which is in the form of heat or volume multiplied by the constant pressure.
The formula to calculate the enthalpy is along the lines:
H = Q + pV
Q is the internal energy
p is the vpressure
V is the volume
H is the enthalpy.
To calculate the change in enthapy, you need initial and final values with constant pressure. The formula for enthalpy change is ΔH = (Q₂ - Q₁) + p * (V₂ - V₁) or
ΔH = ΔQ + p * ΔV
Q₁, Q₂ are the internal energies of the products and reactants.
V₁, V₂ are the volume of the products and reactants
p is the pressure
ΔH is change in enthalpy
ΔQ is change in inyternal energy
ΔV is the change in volume
Standard Enthalpy of Formation
It is another method used to compute the enthalpy change. The standard enthalpy of formation of a compound is ΔH°f. It is nothing but the change in enthalpy for forming one mole of substance in the standard state.
The standard enthalpy of formation formula is given as
ΔH°reaction = ∑ΔH°f(products) - ∑ΔH°f(reactants)
∑ΔH°f(reactants) is the sum of the standard enthalpes of the reactants.
∑ΔH°f(products) is the sum of the standard enthalpies of the products
ΔH°reactionis the enthalpy change
The standard enthalpy of each chemical substance is collected from the standard enthalpy of formation table mentioned below:
|Substance||Change in Enthalpy in kJ/mol|
Question: Calculate the change in enthalpy for 2H2 + O2 → 2H2O?
Given chemical reaction is 2H2 + O2 → 2H2O
The standard enthalpy of formation of substances is here.
H2 = 0, O2 = 0, H2O = −285.8
Change in enthalpy formula is ΔH°reaction = ∑ΔH°f(products) - ∑ΔH°f(reactants)
∑ΔH°f(reactants) = 2(0) + 0 = 0
∑ΔH°f(products) = 2(-285.8) = -571.7
ΔH°reaction = -517.7 - 0 = -517.7
Therefore, change in enthalpy of the reaction is -517.7 kJ.
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1. What is meant by Enthalpy?
Enthalpy is the measurement of energy in a thermodynamic system. The amount of enthalpy is equal to the sum of heat absorbed by the system and work done.
2. What is the Enthalpy Formula?
The formula to calculate enthalpy is H = Q + pV.
The formula to find change in enthalpy is ΔH = ΔQ + p * ΔV.
3. What is enthalpy of chemical reaction?
The bonds between atoms can form or dissolve during chemical reaction to either absorb or release heat energy. The heat either absorbed or emitted under the constant pressure from a device is called the enthalpy. The reaction enthalpy is the change in enthalpy arising from a chemical reaction.
4. Why enthalpy is useful?
Enthalpy is important because it tells about the amount of heat energy in a system. An enthalpy shift shows how much enthalpy was lost or gained in terms of a chemical reaction. In simple words, enthalpy means system heat energy.