Utilize the flexible and handy Luminosity Calculator tool to find the amount of energy emitted by the celestial bodies and how bright they appear from the earth. Simply give star radius, temperature to find the luminosity and distance from the earth to the star and hit the calculate button to get the apparent magnitude details in less time.
Luminosity Calculator: Finding the luminosity of a star is easy with our free calculator tool. It also computes the absolute magnitude and apparent magnitude of a star easily. In further sections, we will discuss how to measure the luminosity of a star, the luminosity equation and the steps to evaluate the luminosity of the sun. In order to familiarize with this concept, we have also given the example questions.
Below given are the simple steps to find the sun luminosity. Follow these guiding principles to pbtain the result.
Luminosity is the absolute measure of radiated electromagnetic power or the radiant power emitted by the light-emitting object. It depends on the object temperature and radius.
The luminosity formula is given as
L/L☉ = (R/R☉)² * (T/T☉)⁴
L is the luminosity of the star
L☉ is the luminosity of the sun and is equal to 3.828 x 1026 W
R is the star radius
R☉ is the radius of the sun and equal to 695700 km
T is the star temperature
T☉ is the temperature of the sun and it is 5778 K
Absolute magnitude is a way of finding luminosity. It uses a logarithm scale to calculate it
The formula of absolute magnitude is M = -2.5 x log10(L/L₀)
M is the absolute magnitude of the star
L₀ is the zero-point luminosity and its value is 3.0128 x 1028 W
Apparent magnitude is used to measure the brightness of stars when seen from Earth. Its equation is m = M - 5 + 5log10(D)
m is the apparent magnitude of the star
D is the distance between star and Earth
Question: Find the luminosity of a star having the radius 598250 km and temperature is 6500 K.
Radius of the star R = 598250 km
temperature of the star T = 6500 K
The luminosity of star formula is L/L☉ = (R/R☉)² * (T/T☉)⁴
L/3.828 x 1026 = (598250/695700)² * (6500/5778)⁴
L = (0.85)² x (1.12)⁴ x 3.828 x 1026
Therefore, the luminosity of the star is 1.18 W.
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1. How to use the luminosity formula?
The luminosity equation is used to measure the energy emitted by a body per unit time. It can be derived from the Stefan-Boltzmann law. The formula of luminosity is L/L☉ = (R/R☉)² * (T/T☉)⁴
2. How to find the luminosity of a star?
Divide the radius of the star by sun and temperature of star by sun. Square both the values and multiply it with the luminosity of the sun to get the star luminosity.
3. What is luminosity?
Luminosity is the total amount of energy produced by various celestial bodies per unit of time. The factors affecting the luminosity is the size of the star, temperature of the star. and It is measured in joules per second or watts.
4. Why measuring the luminosity of stars difficult?
Measuring the luminosity of stars is difficult because the distance of stars relative to Earth makes it difficult to measure the brightness.
5. What is the luminosity of the sun?
The sun's luminosity value is 3.828 x 1026 W.